English Big5 Simplified Language Map

 Main Index


 Preamble
 Chapter One
 Chapter Two
 Chapter Three:
 Section I
 Section II
 Section III
 Section IV
 Section V
 Section VI
 Section VII
 Chapter Four
 Amendments

 

    CHAPTER TWO - THE FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS AND DUTIES OF CITIZENS

    Article 33

    All persons holding the nationality of the People's Republic of China are citizens of the People's Republic of China.

    All citizens of the People's Republic of China are equal before the law.

    Every citizen is entitled to the rights and at the same time must perform the duties prescribed by the Constitution and the law.

    Article 34

    All citizens of the People's Republic of China who have reached the age of 18 have the right to vote and stand for election, regardless of ethnic status, race, sex, occupation, family background, religious belief, education, property status or length of residence, except persons deprived of political rights according to law.

    Article 35

    Citizens of the People's Republic of China enjoy freedom of speech, of the press, of assembly, of association, of procession and of demonstration.

    Article 36

    Citizens of the People's Republic of China enjoy freedom of religious belief.

    No state organ, public organization or individual may compel citizens to believe in, or not believe in, any religion; nor may they discriminate against citizens who believe in, or do not believe in, any religion.

    The state protects normal religious activities. No one may make use of religion to engage in activities that disrupt public order, impair the health of citizens or interfere with the educational system of the state.

    Religious bodies and religious affairs are not subject to any foreign domination.

    Article 37

    Freedom of the person of citizens of the People's Republic of China is inviolable.

    No citizens may be arrested except with the approval or by decision of a people's procuratorate or by decision of a people's court, and arrests must be made by a public security organ.

    Unlawful detention or deprivation or restriction of citizens' freedom of the person by other means is prohibited, and unlawful search of the person of citizens is prohibited.

    Article 38

    The personal dignity of citizens of the People's Republic of China is inviolable. Insult, libel, false accusation or false incrimination directed against citizens by any means is prohibited.

    Article 39

    The residences of citizens of the People's Republic of China are inviolable. Unlawful search of, or intrusion into, a citizen's residence is prohibited.

    Article 40

    Freedom and privacy of correspondence of citizens of the People's Republic of China are protected by law. No organization or individual may, on any ground, infringe on citizens' freedom of privacy of correspondence, except in cases where to meet the needs of state security or of criminal investigation, public security or procuratorial organs are permitted to censor correspondence in accordance with procedures prescribed by law.

    Article 41

    Citizens of the People's Republic of China have the right to criticize and make suggestions regarding any state organ or functionary. Citizens have the right to make to relevant state organs complaints or charges against, or exposures of, any state organ or functionary for violation of the law or dereliction of duty, but fabrication or distortion of facts for purposes of libel or false incrimination is prohibited.

    The state organ concerned must deal with complaints, charges or exposures made by citizens in a responsible manner after ascertaining the facts. No one may suppress such complaints, charges and exposures or retaliate against the citizens making them.

    Citizens who have suffered losses as a result of infringement of their civic rights by any state organ or functionary have the right to compensation in accordance with the law.

    Article 42

    Citizens of the People's Republic of China have the right as well as the duty to work.

    Through various channels, the state creates conditions for employment, enhances occupational safety and health, improves working conditions and, on the basis of expanded production, increases remuneration for work and welfare benefits.

    Work is a matter of honor for every citizen who is able to work. All working people in state enterprises and in urban and rural economic collectives, should approach their work as the masters of the country that they are. The state promotes socialist labor emulation, and commends and rewards model and advanced workers. The state encourages citizens to take part in voluntary labor.

    The state provides necessary vocational training for citizens before they are employed.

    Article 43

    Working people in the People's Republic of China have the right to rest.

    The state expands facilities for the rest and recuperation of the working people and prescribes working hours and vacations for workers and staff.

    Article 44

    The state applies the system of retirement for workers and staff of enterprises and institutions and for functionaries of organs of state according to law. The livelihood of retried personnel is ensured by the state and society.

    Article 45

    Citizens of the People's Republic of China have the right to material assistance from the state and society when they are old, ill or disabled. The state develops social insurance, social relief and medical and health services that are required for citizens to enjoy this right.

    The state and society ensure the livelihood of disabled members of the armed forces, provides pensions to the families of martyrs and gives preferential treatment to the families of military personnel.

    The state and society help make arrangements for the work, livelihood and education of the blind, deaf-mutes and other handicapped citizens.

    Article 46

    Citizens of the People's Republic of China have the right as well as the duty to receive education.

    The state promotes the all-round development of children and young people, morally, intellectually and physically.

    Article 47

    Citizens of the People's Republic of China have freedom to engage in scientific research, literary and artistic creation and other cultural pursuits. The state encourages and assists creative endeavors conducive to the interests of the people that are made by citizens engaged in education, science, technology, literature, art and other cultural work.

    Article 48

    Women in the People's Republic of China enjoy equal rights with men in all spheres of life, in political, economic, cultural, social and family life.

    The state protects the rights and interests of women, applies the principle of equal pay for equal work to men and women alike and trains and selects cadres from among women.

    Article 49

    Marriage, the family and mother and child are protected by the state.

    Both husband and wife have the duty to practice family planning.

    Parents have the duty to rear and educate their children who are minors, and children who have come of age have the duty to support and assist their parents.

    Violation of the freedom of marriage is prohibited. Maltreatment of old people, women and children is prohibited.

    Article 50

    The People's Republic of China protects the legitimate rights and interests of Chinese nationals residing abroad and protects the lawful rights and interests of returned overseas Chinese and of the family members of Chinese nationals residing abroad.

    Article 51

    Citizens of the People's Republic of China, in exercising their freedoms and rights, may not infringe upon the interests of the state, of society or of the collective, or upon the lawful freedoms and rights of other citizens.

    Article 52

    It is the duty of citizens of the People's Republic of China to safeguard the unification of the country and the unity of all its nationalities.

    Article 53

    Citizens of the People's Republic of China must abide by the Constitution and the law, keep state secrets, protect public property, observe labor discipline and public order and respect social ethics.

    Article 54

    In is the duty of citizens of the People's Republic of China to safeguard the security, honor and interests of the motherland; they must not commit acts detrimental to the security, honor and interests of the motherland.

    Article 55

    It is the sacred duty of every citizen of the People's Republic of China to defend the motherland and resist aggression.

    It is the honorable duty of citizens of the People's Republic of China to perform military service and join the militia in accordance with the law.

    Article 56

    It is the duty of citizens of the People's Republic of China to pay taxes in accordance with the law.